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Roma III. – Roma Children Nowadays the Roma population is approxiametaly 15–30 million people. 10 million of them both Christians and Muslim live in Europe. It is considered, that the ancestors of the Roma population should belong to the Bandsar tribe, who began their migration toward Europe a thousand years ago. A typical demographic feature of the Roma is the high birth rate, which is connected to their the economic and social conditions. A Roma can strengthen the situation of his community by starting his own family and having more children. The average Roma home has 3–4 children. Traditionally this is the greatest asset of Roma culture. The mortality rate of Roma Children is 3–4 times that of children in other ethnic groups. The average life expectancy is 60–65 years. To get social benefits one must have an permanent address and considerable identity documents, which condition seems to neutral, but most Gypsies don’t have in consequence they can’t be registered. Some clerks don’t consider Gypsies primitive accomodation being a house, so they are not registered inhabitants. Further the local goverments have the right to decide about wheter to provide social support and if then what kind of or how much. Their health problems are due to social economical factors such as poverty, under nutrition, no access to providing health service or special cultural characteristics such as untimely marriage and child birth, consequence of that several young Gypsy women don’t take on bringing up their babies and let them to orphan of state a couple of weeks after birth. In the outskirts of Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár) collecting recyclable materials attracts more and more people as a means of subsistence, mainly Roma families and children, who live in unhealthy circumstances in plank huts. Children, who were born, live, work and play in the junkyard, are in the worst position. This is the space of their lives.

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